Resources

  • Implementation of key demand-reduction measures of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and change in smoking prevalence in 126 countries: an association study

    • 03 May 2017
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • About Tobacco Control (TOPIC)

    The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) has mobilised efforts among 180 parties to combat the global tobacco epidemic. This study examined the association between highest-level implementation of key tobacco control demand-reduction measures of the WHO FCTC and smoking prevalence over the treaty’s first decade.

  • Smoking Status and Health Care Costs in the Perioperative Period

    • 09 Jan 2014
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Health Harms (TOPIC)

    A population-based study of perioperative healthcare costs by Dr. David Warner and colleagues from the CSHCD Value Analysis Program.

  • Increasing the Dose of Varenicline in Patients Who Do Not Respond to the Standard Dose

    • 07 Jan 2014
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Tobacco Dependence Treatment (TOPIC)

    In this article from Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Dr. Carlos A. Jiménez-Ruiz discusses how varenicline doses can be increased for patients who don’t respond to the standard dose, with high success rates and limited adverse effects. Be sure to watch the accompanying video, in which Dr. Jiménez-Ruiz explains the results of the study and how varenicline doses can be increased.

  • ‘Roll-your-own’ cigarette smoking in South Africa between 2007 and 2010

    • 27 Jun 2013
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Tobacco Dependence Treatment (TOPIC)

    The prevalence of smoking and consumption of cigarettes have decreased in South Africa over thelast 20 years. This decrease is a result of comprehensive tobacco control legislation, particularly large cigarette taxincreases. However, little attention has been given to the potential use of ‘roll-your-own’ cigarettes as cheaperalternatives, especially among the socio-economically disadvantaged population. This study therefore sought todetermine socio-demographic correlates of ‘roll-your-own’ cigarette use among South African adults (2007–2010).

  • Smoking-specific communication and children’s smoking onset: An extension of the theory of planned behaviour

    • 26 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Youth & Tobacco (TOPIC)
    • Europe (REGION)

    The aim of this study was to test whether maternal smoking-specific communication and parental smoking related to smoking cognitions (i.e. attitude, self-efficacy and social norm) derived from the Theory of Planned Behaviour in association with smoking onset during preadolescence A positive association was found between pro-smoking attitudes and smoking onset. Smoking-specific communication and parental smoking were related to smoking cognitions.

  • Childhood and adolescent psychopathology and subsequent tobacco smoking in young adults: findings from an Australian birth cohort

    • 26 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Youth & Tobacco (TOPIC)
    • Western Pacific (REGION)

    Study concludes that childhood and adolescent psychopathology predicts subsequent tobacco use at 14 and 21 years of age. But, but some forms of psychopathology predict increased (aggression/delinquency; attention problems) and other forms decreased (anxiety/depression) smoking. There may be some benefits in targeting children with early onset aggressive/delinquent behaviour problems with tobacco smoking prevention initiatives.

  • Smoking During Consecutive Pregnancies Among Primiparous Women in the Population-Based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

    • 26 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Women & Tobacco (TOPIC)
    • Europe (REGION)

    This study investigated changes in smoking behavior across pregnancies in a sample of 10,890 primiparous women participating in the prospective population-based Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). The study aimed to identify risk factors that may inhibit smoking cessation and promote smoking during a woman’s second pregnancy.The findings offer new and additional insight into modifiable risk factors that may help facilitate more targeted smoking cessation interventions for women at the highest risk.

  • How do impulsivity and education relate to smoking initiation and cessation among young adults?

    • 25 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Tobacco Dependence Treatment (TOPIC)
    • Europe (REGION)

    This study examined the predictive value of impulsivity for starting and quitting smoking> It also examined whether education had an independent effect on smoking careers or moderated the impulsivity–smoking association.

  • The Effect of Systematic Clinical Interventions with Cigarette Smokers on Quit Status and the Rates of Smoking-Related Primary Care Office Visits

    • 20 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Health Harms (TOPIC)
    • US + Canada (REGION)

    The United States Public Health Service (USPHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence includes 10 key recommendations regarding the identification and the treatment of tobacco users seen in all health care settings. While there is significant research from randomized clinical trials to support the impact of brief tobacco interventions, the USPHS Guideline also states that “it is imperative that new research examine the implication of effective treatments in real-world settings.” With the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and the rapid adoption of meaningful use (MU) compliant software [5] for electronic health records (EHR), it should be possible to use data collected in these real-world settings to measure the health and economic impact of brief tobacco interventions.

  • Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Predicts Adult Offspring Cardiovascular Risk Factors Evidence from a Community-Based Large Birth Cohort Study

    • 20 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Health Harms (TOPIC)
    • Western Pacific (REGION)

    Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with offspring obesity. However, little is known about whether maternal smoking in pregnancy predicts other offspring cardiovascular risk factors including waist circumference (WC), waist-hip-ratio (WHR), pulse rate (PR), systolic (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP).

  • Relationship between smoking and a new index of arterial stiffness, the cardio-ankle vascular index, in male workers: a cross-sectional study

    • 20 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Health Harms (TOPIC)
    • Southeast Asia (REGION)

    Cigarette smoking is one of the major factors that increases arterial stiffness. The purpose of this study was to examine further the relationship between smoking status and arterial stiffness using a new index, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), in male Japanese workers.

  • Challenges for the smoking ban in Israeli pubs and bars: analysis guided by the behavioral ecological model

    • 20 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Smoke-free Laws (TOPIC)
    • Eastern Mediterranean (REGION)

    Israel’s ban on smoking in public places was amended five years ago. The amendment added pubs and bars to the list of public places that prohibit smoking. However, smoking in most pubs and bars continued. This study attempted to find out why the ban was only partially successful.

  • Campaña de control del tabaco en Uruguay: análisis de tendencias basada en la población Winston Abascal, Elba Esteves, Beatriz Goja, Franco González Mora, Ana Lorenzo, Amanda Sica, Patricia Triunfo, Jeffrey E Harris

    • 17 Sep 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • About Tobacco Control (TOPIC)
    • Latin America (REGION)

    Antecedentes En 2005, Uruguay inició una serie de amplias medidas contra el tabaquismo. El objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la campaña anti-tabaco en Uruguay.Métodos Se realizó un análisis de tendencias basado en la población, utilizando como control a la vecina Argentina, que no ha establecido medidas tan extensas anti-tabaco. Se evaluaron tres variables clave en ambos países: consumo de cigarrillos por persona según registros de impuestos, la prevalencia del consumo de tabaco en adolescentes, medida por encuestas de escolares y la prevalencia del consumo de tabaco en los adultos, según las encuestas de hogares del país.Resultados Durante 2005-11, el consumo de cigarrillos por persona en Uruguay disminuyó en un 4,3% al año (95% CI 2,4 a 6,2), mientras que en Argentina aumentó un 0,6% por año (-1 • 2 a 2,5; p = 0,002 para la diferencia en las tendencias). Durante 2003-09, la prevalencia de 30 días de consumo de tabaco en estudiantes uruguayos de 13 años, 15 años, y 17 años disminuyó en un estimado de 8,0% por año (4,5 a 11,6), en comparación con una disminución de 2,5% anual (0,5 a 4,5) en los estudiantes argentinos durante 2001-09 (p=0,02 para la diferencia en las tendencias). De 2005 a 2011, la prevalencia de consumo de tabaco en Uruguay disminuyó anualmente a una tasa estimada del 3,3% (2,4 a 4,1), en comparación con un año disminuir en la Argentina del 1,7% (0,8 a 2,6) (p = 0,02 para la diferencia en las tendencias).Interpretación: la campaña de control del tabaco global de Uruguay se ha asociado con una sustancial y sin precedentes disminución del consumo de tabaco. La disminución en el consumo de tabaco en otros países de ingresos bajos y medianos ingresos tendría un efecto sustancial de la magnitud observada en Uruguay sobre la futura carga global de enfermedades relacionadas con el tabaco.www.thelancet.com Published online September 14, 2012

  • Frecuencia y caracterización de tabaquismo en pacientes internados con patología respiratoria: estudio multicéntrico en hospitales de Buenos Aires

    • 28 Aug 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Tobacco Dependence Treatment (TOPIC)
    • Latin America (REGION)

    Actualmente en Argentina no hay información sobre la prevalencia de tabaquismo en pacientes internados por enfermedad respiratoria. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la prevalencia de tabaquismo y evaluar las características de la adicción a la nicotina en pacientes internados por patología respiratoria.  Lea el estudio.

  • Literature Review: REFRESH Findings

    • 08 Aug 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Secondhand Smoke (TOPIC)
    • Europe (REGION)

    literature on smoek-free homes and protecting children

  • Nurses’ initiatives in smoking cessation in Hong Kong

    • 20 Jul 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Training (TOPIC)
    • Southeast Asia (REGION)

    Nurses have close contact with patients and play a vital role in smoking cessation. Evidence shows nurses’ interventions have a positive effect on patients’ health outcomes.

  • An RCT of a health education intervention provided by nurses to mothers of sick children

    • 20 Jul 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Women & Tobacco (TOPIC)
    • Southeast Asia (REGION)

    Brief health education intervention by nurses in a busy clinical setting produced short-term effects in several key areas: raising awareness about exposure to secondhand smoke, reducing cigarette consumption, initiating quit attempts, and ultimately reducing sick children’s exposure to secondhand smoke. However, these short-term effects were not sustained at the 12-month follow-up, resulting in the need for more intensive interventions. Nurses can play key roles in providing individual counselling and advocacy of smoke-free homes in Hong Kong.

  • Nurses’ tobacco-related knowledge, attitudes, and practice in four major cities in China

    • 20 Jul 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Training (TOPIC)
    • Southeast Asia (REGION)

    Chinese nurses had some knowledge about the health effects of tobacco use, but seldom practiced smoking-cessation interventions. Including tobacco control, especially smoking cessation, in nursing curricula in China has the potential to save millions of lives.

  • Are nurses prepared to curb the tobacco epidemic in China?

    • 17 Jul 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • About Tobacco Control (TOPIC)
    • Southeast Asia (REGION)

    A questionnaire survey of schools of nursing, published in the International Journal of Nursing Studies, June 2006, by Sophia Siu-Chee Chana, Linda Sarna, Leda L. Dana

  • REFRESH (Reducing Families’ Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in the Home): A Feasibility Study

    • 15 Jul 2012
    • Study (TYPE OF RESOURCE)
    • Secondhand Smoke (TOPIC)
    • Europe (REGION)

    Providing mothers who smoke with personalized measurements of their home’s indoor air quality appears to be a have a positive effect on reducing their children’s exposure to secondhand smoke. This study in the journal Tobacco Control suggests exploring the feasibility of a future large-scale trial using measurements of indoor air quality as part of a complex intervention to reduce children’s exposure to secondhand smoke.